Exoplanet discovery: Take a 360 degree tour of Earth-like planet that COULD host alien life
NASA has put together an artist’s impression of what the view might look like from the surface of Trappist-1d
With its stunning red skies, this is the view from an Earth-like planet that could host alien life.
A 360 degree video was published by NASA yesterday, after the space agency announced the discovery of seven new planets orbiting a cool dwarf star known as TRAPPIST-1 in the constellation Aquarius.
Three of these planets lie within the star’s “habitable zone” where surface temperatures range from nought to 100 degrees centigrade.
All seven planets could have liquid water – key to life as we know it – under the right atmospheric conditions, but the chances are highest with the three in the habitable zone.
Scientists could know if alien life exists on at least three planets in a newly-discovered solar system in just ten years.
Cambridge astronomer Dr Amaury Triaud said: “Here we have the right target to start the search for life.
“Within the next decade we could know if we are alone in the universe. And that is quite incredible.”
“We’ve made a crucial step toward finding if there is life out there.”
No other star system known to man contains such a large number of Earth-sized and probably rocky planets.
This discovery could be a significant piece in the puzzle of finding habitable environments, places that are conducive to life,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of the agency’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington.
“Answering the question ‘are we alone’ is a top science priority and finding so many planets like these for the first time in the habitable zone is a remarkable step forward toward that goal.”
The findings were published on Wednesday in the journal Nature, and announced at a news briefing at NASA Headquarters in Washington.
In contrast to our sun, the TRAPPIST-1 star, classified as an ultra-cool dwarf, is so cool that liquid water could survive on planets orbiting very close to it – closer than is possible on planets in our own solar system.
All seven of the TRAPPIST-1 planetary orbits are closer to their host star than Mercury is to our sun. The planets also are very close to each other.
If a person was standing on one of the planet’s surface, they could gaze up and potentially see geological features or clouds of neighbouring worlds, which would sometimes appear larger than the moon in Earth’s sky.
The planets may also be tidally locked to their star, according to NASA, which means the same side of the planet is always facing the star, so each side is either perpetual day or night.
This could mean they have weather patterns totally unlike those on Earth, such as strong winds blowing from the day side to the night side, and extreme temperature changes.
Based on their densities, all of the TRAPPIST-1 planets are likely to be rocky. Further observations will help determine whether they could have liquid water on their surfaces.
The mass of the seventh and farthest exoplanet has not yet been estimated – scientists believe it could be an icy, “snowball-like” world, but further observations are needed.
The planetary system was identified by NASA’s orbiting Spitzer telescope, with help from several ground-based telescopes – including the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope and a robotic telescope operated by Liverpool John Moores University.